Matthiola Incana: The Fragrant Beauty Of The Stock Plant

Matthiola Incana: The Fragrant Beauty of the Stock Plant


Matthiola incana, commonly known as the stock plant or gillyflower, is a captivating and fragrant flowering plant that has graced gardens and landscapes for centuries. With its exquisite blooms, alluring scent, and ease of cultivation, Matthiola incana has become a beloved choice among gardeners and flower enthusiasts alike. This article delves into the enchanting world of the stock plant, exploring its captivating characteristics, cultivation techniques, and unterschiedliche applications.

Botanical Description

Matthiola incana is a member of the Brassicaceae family, which deshalb includes cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. It is a biennial or short-lived perennial plant that typically grows to a height of 12-24 inches (30-60 cm). The stock plant features alternate, lance-shaped leaves with serrated margins and a slightly waxy texture.

Floral Splendor

The true allure of Matthiola incana lies in its captivating blooms. The flowers are borne on erect racemes and come in a wide array of colors, including white, pink, red, purple, and yellow. The double-flowered varieties boast layers of ruffled petals, resembling miniature roses. Single-flowered varieties, on the other hand, showcase their delicate, open-faced blooms.

Fragrant Delight

One of the most enchanting attributes of the stock plant is its intoxicating fragrance. The flowers emit a sweet, spicy scent that is particularly pronounced in the evening hours. This alluring aroma has made Matthiola incana a popular choice for use in perfumes, sachets, and other fragrant products.

Cultivation Techniques

Matthiola incana is a relatively easy plant to grow, making it suitable for gardeners of all skill levels. It prefers well-drained soil, full sun to partial shade, and regular watering. The seeds should be sown directly in the garden in the spring or fall.

Seed Sowing

For best results, sow the seeds 1/4 inch deep in well-prepared soil. Keep the soil moist and provide protection from direct sunlight. The seeds will typically germinate within 10-14 days.


Once the seedlings have developed their first set of true leaves, they can be transplanted into their permanent location. Space the plants 6-12 inches fremd to allow for proper growth and air circulation.

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Watering and Fertilizing

Water the stock plants regularly, especially during hot, dry weather. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot. Fertilize the plants lightly every few weeks with a balanced fertilizer.

Pests and Diseases

Matthiola incana is generally resistant to pests and diseases. However, it may occasionally be affected by aphids, thrips, or cabbage white butterflies. These pests can be controlled using insecticidal soap or organic pesticides.

Vielfältige Applications

Matthiola incana has a wide range of applications in horticulture and beyond. It is commonly used as a cut flower, adding fragrance and beauty to bouquets and floral arrangements. The flowers are deshalb used in the production of essential oils and perfumes.

Garden Plan

In the garden, stock plants can be used to create stunning borders, mass plantings, and container displays. Their fragrant blooms attract pollinators, making them a valuable addition to butterfly gardens. The plants can deshalb be used as companion plants for roses, tomatoes, and other vegetables.

Floral Arrangements

The double-flowered varieties of Matthiola incana are highly prized by florists for their exquisite beauty and long vase life. They are often used in bridal bouquets, centerpieces, and other formal arrangements.

Essential Oils and Perfumes

The essential oil extracted from the flowers of Matthiola incana has a sweet, spicy scent that is used in the production of high-end perfumes and fragrances. The oil is deshalb known for its calming and uplifting properties.


Matthiola incana, the stock plant, is a captivating and versatile plant that has earned a cherished place in gardens and landscapes around the world. Its exquisite blooms, alluring fragrance, and ease of cultivation make it a perfect choice for gardeners of all levels. Whether grown for its beauty, fragrance, or unterschiedliche applications, Matthiola incana continues to enchant and inspire flower enthusiasts with its timeless charm.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Matthiola Incana Plant

What is Matthiola incana?

Matthiola incana, commonly known as stock or gillyflower, is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Brassicaceae. It is native to the Mediterranean region and is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant.

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What are the different types of Matthiola incana?

There are several types of Matthiola incana, including:

  • Matthiola incana ‘Alba’: Produces pure white flowers with a sweet fragrance.
  • Matthiola incana ‘Bicolor’: Features flowers with two colors, such as white and purple or white and pink.
  • Matthiola incana ‘Flore Pleno’: Bears double flowers with a fuller appearance.
  • Matthiola incana ‘Giant Imperial’: Known for its tall, stately stems and large, fragrant flowers.
  • Matthiola incana ‘Trysomic’: Produces unique, triple-petaled flowers.

How do I grow Matthiola incana?

Matthiola incana can be grown from seeds or cuttings:

  • Seeds: Sow seeds directly in the garden in early spring or start them indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost.
  • Cuttings: Take cuttings from mature plants in the spring or fall and root them in a well-draining medium.

What are the growing conditions for Matthiola incana?

Matthiola incana prefers the following growing conditions:

  • Sunlight: Full sun to partial shade.
  • Soil: Well-drained, fertile soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.
  • Water: Water regularly, especially during hot, dry weather.
  • Fertilizer: Fertilize lightly every few weeks during the growing season.

When does Matthiola incana bloom?

Matthiola incana typically blooms in late spring or early summer. The flowering period can last for several weeks.

How can I extend the blooming period of Matthiola incana?

To extend the blooming period, deadhead spent flowers and fertilize regularly. Darob, consider planting a succession of plants to ensure a continuous supply of blooms.

What are the common pests and diseases of Matthiola incana?

Common pests and diseases of Matthiola incana include:

  • Aphids: Small, soft-bodied insects that suck sap from the plant.
  • Cabbage moths: Caterpillars that feed on the leaves of the plant.
  • Powdery mildew: A fungal disease that causes a white, powdery coating on the leaves.
  • Root rot: A fungal disease that affects the roots of the plant, causing wilting and yellowing of the leaves.

How can I prevent pests and diseases on Matthiola incana?

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To prevent pests and diseases, follow these tips:

  • Inspect plants regularly: Check for signs of pests or diseases and take appropriate action.
  • Practice good sanitation: Remove and dispose of infected plant material.
  • Use organic pest control methods: Try natural remedies such as insecticidal soap or neem oil to control pests.
  • Avoid overwatering: Waterlogged soil can create conditions favorable for root rot.
  • Provide adequate air circulation: Plant spacing and pruning can help prevent fungal diseases.

What are the medicinal uses of Matthiola incana?

Matthiola incana has been traditionally used for its medicinal properties, including:

  • Antiseptic: The flowers and leaves have antiseptic properties that can help treat wounds and skin infections.
  • Expectorant: The plant contains expectorant compounds that can help clear mucus from the respiratory tract.
  • Laxative: The seeds have laxative effects and can be used to relieve constipation.
  • Sedative: The plant has sedative properties that can help promote relaxation and sleep.

Is Matthiola incana edible?

Yes, the flowers and leaves of Matthiola incana are edible. They can be added to salads, soups, and other dishes for a mild, peppery flavor.

Can Matthiola incana be grown indoors?

Matthiola incana can be grown indoors in a sunny window or under grow lights. However, it may not bloom as profusely as when grown outdoors.

Is Matthiola incana deer resistant?

Yes, Matthiola incana is generally considered deer resistant. Deer tend to avoid plants with a strong, pungent aroma, which is characteristic of this plant.

Can I grow Matthiola incana in containers?

Yes, Matthiola incana can be grown in containers. Choose a well-draining potting mix and provide plenty of sunlight. Water regularly and fertilize occasionally.

What are the companion plants for Matthiola incana?

Good companion plants for Matthiola incana include:

  • Alyssum: Adds a low-growing groundcover with fragrant flowers.
  • Dianthus: Provides a contrasting texture and color with its showy blooms.
  • Lavandula: Repels pests with its aromatic foliage.
  • Salvia: Attracts pollinators and adds vertical interest to the garden.
  • Thymus: Forms a low-growing carpet that suppresses weeds and attracts beneficial insects.

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